Freckles are the tanned circular brown patches or spots, little in sizes that appear on the skin. These spots are easily visible in people with fair complexion. Mostly, the freckles appear on the face and arm. Appearing of freckles is usual and mostly they appear during summers.
There are two major types of freckles – simple freckles and sunburn freckles. Simple freckles are usually tanned spots and small in sizes. The sunburn freckles are often dark and have irregular jagged borders around them.
What causes freckles?
There are two causes that trigger freckles. Exposure to the sun and genetics are both of them. In detail:
Exposure to the sun: Exposure to the sun can cause freckles. Sun damages the melanocytes in the skin. This damage leads to the production of abnormal collections of melanin pigment. They gather on the top layer of skin and form freckles.
Genetic tendency: People have different reactions towards sun exposure. Those who have blond or red hair, having light coloured eyes and fair skin are supposed to be prone to freckles.
People at risk of freckles:
Someone may be at the risk of developing freckles if the person:
- Faces exposure to the sun: Exposure to the sun is the main reason of freckles. Someone who has to bear sun exposure most of the time is most likely to get affected by freckles.
- Has light skin: A person with lighter skin is at the risk of freckles.
- Has blood relatives with freckles: Having kins who have freckles, puts a person at the genetic risk of developing freckles.
Signs of freckles:
Some of the major symptoms of freckles are:
- Pigmentation spot
- Dark spot
- Brown patches on skin
Prevention of freckles:
We cannot change our genetic qualities; however, we surely can prevent freckles by following some simple tips. The best and the only way to stay away from freckles is staying away from the sun. Do the following to ensure you limit the risks of freckles:
- Use sunscreen: If it is inevitable, and you have to go outdoors, remember using a good, preferably SPF 30 sunscreen. It mitigates the effect of sun exposure.
- Using clothing: Use sun-protective clothing to minimize the risk of freckles. Full-arm shirts and hats are good examples.
- Escaping the peak sunny hours: Try to avoid the time period between 10 am to 4 pm. During the time, the sun harms your skin the most.
Treatments of freckles at MedLinks:
There are different treatments available at MedLinks for the treatment of freckles. Here is a list of the treatments with short details:
- Cryosurgery: In cryosurgery, a light freeze with liquid nitrogen is applied to treat some types of freckles. It can treat most of the simple types of freckles.
- Laser treatment: Various types of laser treatments are available at MedLinks to treat freckles. Laser treatment can bring about effective results by lightening the freckles on the skin. Treatments with laser have higher success rate and minimum chances of scars, discolouring or any other side effects.
- Chemical peels: In some cases, a chemical peel is also used to lighten the freckles.
Your experience at MedLinks:
MedLinks ensures that people who come here for the treatment of freckles are treated with the best technology or medication depending upon their skin type. After a detailed round of consultation and diagnosis, the expert Dermatologist moves ahead with the treatment. The treatment procedures at MedLinks are safe and free of any kind of side-effects. To dispose of freckles, you can book an appointment with MedLinks for a result-oriented and the best treatment experience.